Main principles of PITC
Primary Care: The PITC philosophy focuses on assigning a teacher to a group of 3 to 4 infants. The primary caregiver is responsible for taking care of child’s needs all day long providing consistency in care. Primary care giving is important as the caregiver and infant develop a special bond, which leads to development of trust.
Primary care also helps children to settle down in child care quickly. It also helps teachers to create close ties with the families.
Small Groups: The PITC philosophy focuses on small groups. Their total group size is small, too. They recommend not more than 6 infants, and 9 toddlers in any room. Small group size creates peaceful environment and unhurried interaction with young children. Since the groups are assigned to primary caregivers, it becomes easy for children to be in small groups with their caregivers.
Typical PITC environment
Individualized Care: Each child is given individual attention. For infants and toddlers, routine is a curriculum. If the caregivers focus on their physical, social, emotional, and temperamental needs individually, they help them develop their self-esteem.
Primary caregivers focus on their group primarily. Since they are more attuned to their needs, they can assess their development more realistically.
Continuity of Care: The PITC philosophy focuses on consistency in care giving. Continuity of care lets caregivers and children stay together for a longer period of time. This minimizes transitions and stress caused by these transitions. Since caregivers and children stay together, the bond with the family is also reinforced making relations smoother.
Culturally Responsive: It’s important for children to keep their connection to their families and their family culture. If the environment supports their home language and culture, they can form a strong cultural identity.
Culture is considered as roots for the tree that you are trying grow. Without a strong foundation about who they are, children can become lost adults.
Inclusion: High-quality care is available to all children, irrespective of their abilities. Children with special needs benefit more when they are included in regular settings with appropriate modifications to suit their needs. Thus, PITC program advocates for inclusion.
It helps to mainstream children if they are included in the program as early as possible.
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